It's a hot, sunny day and your dog is playing outside. Suddenly, he starts shaking and trembling. This can be a scary situation for any pet parent, as they may be unsure of what is happening and what to do.

Dogs Treatment of Seizures

Understand Canine Seizures

Seizure is an unexpected surge of abnormal electrical activity in the brain.

Seizures in dogs are categorized based on their frequency into the following categories:

Cluster: When two or more seizures occur within 24 hours.
Acute recurrent seizures: Deviates from the normal seizure pattern, with two or more seizures occurring within 5-12h.
Status epilepticus: A seizure lasting 5 or more minutes or two or more seizures occurring without recovery between seizures.

Causes of Dog Seizures

Factors that can trigger seizures in dogs include extreme heat or cold, herbicides and pesticides applied to the lawn or garden, as well as poisonous flowers and plants.

Additionally, household alcohols such as ethanol, isopropanol, methanol, and ethylene are considered toxins that can trigger seizures, along with other toxins such as carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas.

Seizures in dogs can also be triggered by health problems such as liver or kidney disease, brain tumours, or blood problems.

Furthermore, older dogs may experience age-related brain changes that lead to seizures.

Common Treatments for Canine Seizures

Several effective treatments can help control and reduce the frequency of seizures. Below are some of the treatment options that veterinarians recommend.

Anticonvulsants: Various drugs can help control seizures by stabilizing brain activity. A vet may recommend some of these drugs:

  • Potassium Bromide
  • Phenobarbital
  • Levetiracetam
  • Zonisamide
  • Primidone
  • Per Rectal Diazepam

Dietary changes: Dietary changes are essential for the treatment of seizures in dogs. The following describes the dietary changes we can make to support our dog’s nutritional needs:

  • Ketogenic diets (high protein diets) reduce the frequency of seizure activity.
  • Provide a balanced meal with the right proportions of carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and fiber.
  • Avoid foods with artificial colors, flavors, and preservatives, as they are unhealthy.

Lifestyle Adjustments: The importance of stability in daily routines and a healthy lifestyle cannot be understated. So, what changes are we talking about? Let’s find out!

  • Create a supportive and stress-free environment for dogs at your home.
  • Maintain a consistent routine for feeding, walking, medications, etc.
  • To prevent injuries during seizures, remove all sharp tools and furniture from your home and install guards.